Statistics Division, Population and Housing Statistics Branch,
Population and Housing Census
(66)(2) 281-0333 ext. 1903 Fax: (66)(2) 282-5861
Thailand's first national census was organized in 1909
and afterwards censuses were carried out in 1919 , 1929 and
1947 respectively. The first five censuses were undertaken by
the Ministry of the Interior. From the 1960 onwards, The
National Statistical Office has been in charge of undertaking
censuses every ten years under the authorization of the 1952
Statistical Act (revised in 1965). In 1970 the first housing
census was conducted simultaneously with the population
census. The 1990 population and Housing Census is, thus, the
ninth population census and the third housing census of
Thailand. The objectives of the census were collect the number
of population on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics
as well as housing characteristics for National Economic and
Social Development Plan.
Population included in the census coverage were
All Thai nationals
residing in the country as of the census date, April 1, 1990.
Persons having their usual residence in
Thailand, but as of the census date, were away temporarily at
field exercises, at sea or temporarily abroad
Government officials, both civilian and
military including Thai diplomatic personnel, and their
families stationed abroad.
Civilian nationals of foreign nations
having their usual residence in Thailand of those who had
resided in Thailand for at least three months as of the census
date (before January 1, 1990).
households included in the census were all private residential
households will be included in the census coverage Census
National statistical office used the sample census enumeration
technique for the census. In the Bangkok Metropolis and
non-municipal areas all persons and households were listed and
simultaneously enumerated with the main characteristics of
population, except for those from a 20 percent sample of
households were listed and enumerated the main and more detail
characteristics of population and housing. In municipal areas
(excluding the Bangkok Metropolis), all persons and households
were listed and enumerated the main and more detail
characteristics of population and housing. There was no sample
selection in these areas.
Relation to household head
Grade of school completed
Last year occupation
Place of birth
Duration of present residence
Migration and reasons of migration
Number of children ever born and number
of children still living
Use of contraception
Occupation during last week prior to
the census date and reason for not working
Type of structure
Type of construction materials
Occupancy and tenure of household
living quarters (excluding land)
Monthly rent and the ownership of the
Ownership of land
Number of rooms regular used for
Source of drinking water and water
Type of lighting
Type of toilet facilities
Type of kitchen
Type of fuel used for cooking
Equipment and selected durable goods in
possesion of the household
topics in the items 1-9 were the main characteristics of the
population, and other items were detail characteristics.
Period of the collection
were collected in April 1990.
publications of 1990 population and housing census were:
Preliminary report that shows the
number of population, the number of households for each
province and mean annual rate of growth during 1980-1990.
Advance report that shows important
population characteristics by region and the whole kingdom.
Report on population and housing data
by province, region and the whole kingdom
Series of analytical subject reports
tabulation on selected characteristics such as migration,
fertility and economic characteristics.