The progress so far
- After the abolition of the absolute monarchy the first Thai Constitution
provided equal rights for women and men in voting and nominating.
- The first female Member of Parliament (Ms. Orapin Chaikarn, Ubonrajthani
province) was elected.
- The Convention on the Political Rights of Women was ratified.
- Thanpuying La-iad Pibulsongkram was elected as the President of the
World Federation of the United Nations Association in Geneva.
- The first female judge (Ms.Chalorjit Jittarutta) was appointed.
- The first female industrial engineer (Ms.Nitaya Mahabhol) was appointed.
- The first female Mayor (Ms. Jintana Nopakul, Muang Potharam Municipality
of Ratchaburi Province) took office.
- A new constitution brought a revolution in women's legal status. Article
28 of this constitution stated that men and women had equal rights.
Any restriction on rights or liberties that violated the spirit as well
as the letter of this article was not permissible. According to Article
23 the government had a two-year period to revise discriminatory laws
and regulations against women. However, the Article was deleted from
the constitution when a right-wing military regime seized power in 1976.
- The first two non-parliament females were appointed Ministers in the
Cabinet (Khunying Lersak Sombatsiri, Ministry of Transportation and
Ms.Wimonsiri Chamnarnwej, Ministry of University Affairs).
- The first Long-Term Women's Development Plan (1982-2001) was drafted
by a task force under the Sub-Committee for the Development of Women's
Role and Status of the National Economic and Social Development Board.
- The first female sub-district head (Ms.Malichian Pengwong) and the
first female village head (Ms.Somsong Surapan) were appointed.
- The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against
Women (CEDAW) with seven reservations was ratified.
- The first elected female MP (Khunying Supatra Masdit, Office of the
Prime Minister) was appointed Minister in the Cabinet .
- The National Commission on Women's Affairs was established as the
permanent state organization for women to spearhead the programme for
the advancement of women.
- Two reservations made on acceding to CEDAW (on Article 10, relating
to employment rights and opportunities and on Article 15 (3), with regard
to limitations on legal capacity) were withdrawn.
- The Council of Ministers ordered all government agencies to review
their discriminatory regulations to allow female civil servants to hold
any position except those related to national security. This removed
all formal barriers to the advancement of women in the civil service.
- - The resolution of the Council of Ministers approved this year as
"Thai Women's Year" on the occasion of Her Majesty the Queen's 60th
- - Maternity leave for women in the govenment service was extended
from 45 to 60 days while female workers in the private sectored were
granted 90 days maternity leave.
- - The prevention and suppression of the exploitation of prostitution,
the abolition of child prostitution and equal employment opportunities
were declared as some of the major aims of the government under Prime
Minister Chuan Leekpai's administration.
- - Thanpuying Sumalee Jatikawanij was invited to be the co-ordinator
for the preparation of the NGO Forum on Women to be held in at the same
time as the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995.
- - Khunying Supatra Masdit was invited to be the convenor of the NGO
Forum on the Women, the first Asian women to hold this position.
- - The resolution of the Council of Ministers (effective since 1978)
which had prevented the appointment of women as district officers, a
gateway to governorships, was removed.
- - The first female provincial governor (Ms. Charatsri Teepirach),
along with one female deputy governor, was appointed.
- - Ten female district officers were appointed.
- - Two CEDAW resevations were removed giving equal opportunities for
women in political, public life and education.
- - Fifteen female Police Investigators were appointed to base in 3
police stations in Bangkok where violence against women and children
were most reported.
- - The first female district director (Ms. Prasom Dumrichop) was appointed.
- - Ten female Generals were appointed.
- - The Council of Ministers approved the National Policy and Plan of
Action for the Prevention and Eradication of the Commercial Sexual Exploitation